Publications

  1. Smith EM, Rismani S, Mortenson WB, Mihailidis A, Miller WC. (2019) “A Chance to Try”: Shared Control for Powered Wheelchair Assessment and Training. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. [Accepted]
  2. Smith EM, Miller WC, Mortenson WB, Mihailidis A. (2018)  Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol Evaluating an Errorless Learning Powered Wheelchair Skills Program for Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 86(3): 232-242.
  3. Smith EM, Gowran R, Donnelly B, Mannan H, et al. (2018) Enabling appropriate skills-mix towards progressive realisation of equitable access to assistive technology needs of citizens. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 13(5): 445-453.
  4. Maclachlan M, Banes D, Bell D, Borg J, … , Smith EM, Tay Teo P, Geiser H, Hooks H.(2018) Assistive Technology Policy: A Position Paper from the First Global Research, Innovation, and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 13(5): 454-466.
  5. Smith EM, Best K, Miller WC. (2018) A condensed wheelchair skills training ‘bootcamp’ improves students’ self-efficacy for assessing, training, spotting, and documenting manual and power wheelchair skills. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Charette C, Best K, Smith EM, Miller WC, Routhier F. (2018) Walking Aids Use in Canada: Prevalence and Demographic Characteristics among Community-Dwelling Users. Physical Therapy Journal. 98(7): 571-577.
  7. Smith, EM, Fuller D, Mahmood H, Miller WC. (2018) Differences in outcomes between the JoyBar control and standard wheelchair joystick on two maneuverability tasks: A pilot study. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 13(6): 523-526.
  8. Smith EM, Low K, Miller WC. (2017) Interrater and Intrarater Reliability of the Wheelchair Skills Test Version 4.2 for Power Wheelchair Users. Disability and Rehabilitation. 40(6): 678-683.
  9. Smith EM, Roberts L, McColl M, Martin Ginis K, Miller WC. (2017) A national evaluation of the policies governing funding for wheelchairs and scooters in Canada. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. 85(1): 46-57.
  10. Giesbrecht E, Smith EM, Mortenson WB, Miller WC. (2017) Needs for mobility devices, home modifications, and personal assistances among Canadians with disabilities. Health Reports. 28(8).
  11. Rushton PW, Smith EM, Miller WC, Kirby RL, Daoust G. (2017) Reliability and responsiveness of the Self-Efficacy in Assessing, Training, and Spotting wheelchair skills (SEATS) outcome measure. Disability and Rehabilitation Assistive Technology. 14(3): 250-254.
  12. Smith EM, Giesbrecht EM*, Mortenson WB, Miller WC. (2016) The prevalence of wheeled mobility device use among community dwelling Canadians. Physical Therapy Journal. 96(8):1135-42.
  13. Rushton P, Smith EM, Miller W. (2015). Measuring wheelchair confidence among power wheelchair users: an adaptation of the WheelCon-M using focus groups and a think aloud process. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 12(1):39-46.
  14. Smith EM, Imam B*, Miller W, Forwell S, Anton H, Townson A, Silverberg N. (2015). The relationship between fatigue and participation in spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 54(6):457-62.
  15. Smith EM, Boucher N, Miller W. (2016). Caregiving services in spinal cord injury: A review of current evidence. Spinal Cord. 54(8):562-9.
  16. Smith EM, Sakakibara B, Miller W. (2014). A review of factors influencing participation in social and community activities for wheelchair users. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 11(5):361-74.

The following short papers or posters are published in the Proceedings of the associated conference. Presenter(s) are underlined. If videos or handouts are available from the presentation, these are linked to the title.

  1. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Powered Wheelchair Skills Training for Adults and Older Adults: From Evidence to Practice. 35th International Seating Symposium, Pittsburgh, USA.
  2. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Wheelchair and Scooter Use and Access in Canada: Prevalence and Policy. World Federation of Occupational Therapists World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
  3. Best KL, Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). A wheelchair skills training ‘bootcamp’ improves occupational therapy students’ self-efficacy for assessing, training , and spotting manual and power wheelchair skills. 6th European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
  4. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities needed for powered wheelchair driving – engaging wheelchair users in task analysis. 34th International Seating Symposium, Vancouver, Canada.
  5. Kellett A, Howich R, Smith EM, Miller WC. (2017). Reliability of pressure reducing capabilities of independently constructed wheelchair cushions for low-resourced settings. International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
  6. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2017) An Overview of Wheeled Mobility Device Use and Funding in Canada. Poster presented at International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
  7. Rushton PW, Smith EM, Miller WC, Demers L, Kirby RL, Boronowski L, Rowe S, Sinanan S. (2017). Reliability of the Self-Efficacy for Assessing, Training, and Spotting Test for Manual Wheelchair Users. International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
  8. Rushton PW, Smith EM, Miller WC, Demers L, Kirby RL, Boronowski L, Rowe S, Sinanan S. (2017) Knowledge Translation of the Wheelchair Skills Program in a Canadian Rehabilitation Centre. International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
  9. Smith EM, Kenyon L, Field D, Miller WC. (2017) Powered Wheelchair Provision: Current Practices and Opportunities. 33rd International Seating Symposium, Nashville, Tennessee.
  10. Viswanathan, P. Wang, R, Sutcliffe A, Kenyon L, Foley G, Smith EM, Miller WC, SWAT Participants (2016). State of the Field: Findings from the 2014 Smart Wheelchairs in Assessment and Training (SWAT) Workshop. 5th European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
  11. Rushton P, Miller WC, Smith EM, Kirby L, Demers L, Boronowski L, Rowe S, Sinanan S. (2016) The feasibility of implementing knowledge translation of the Wheelchair Skills Program for manual wheelchairs in a Canadian rehabilitation centre. 5th European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
  12. Best KL, Smith C, Giesbrecht E, Archambault P, Rushton P, Smith EM, Kirby L, Miller WC (2016). The evolution of wheelchair skills training in Canada – from Gold to Bold! 5th European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
  13. Smith EM. (2016). Making the Impossible Possible: Access to iOS devices for communication and environmental control. 5th European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
  14. Smith EM, Miller WC. Mortenson W. Mihailidis A. (2016) Clinical Utility and Therapists’ Perceptions of Shared Control for Powered Mobility Assessment and Training. 32nd International Seating Symposium, Vancouver, British Columbia.
  15. Smith EM, Roberts L, McColl MA, Miller WC. (2016) Wheelchair and Scooter Funding in Canada: A National Policy Evaluation. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Annual Conference, Banff, Alberta.
  16. Smith EM. (2015). Switch access to iOS and other devices for wheelchair users. 31st International Seating Symposium, Nashville, Tennessee.
  17. Miller W, Rushton P, Mortenson W, Smith EM. (2015). CanWheel: A Canadian Research Initiative to Improve Power Wheeled Mobility. 31st International Seating Symposium, Nashville, Tennessee.
  18. Smith EM, Gayton DP. (2013). “I can’t drive! My voice is in the way!” Mounting of AAC/SGD Devices for Mobility. European Seating Symposium, Dublin, Ireland.
The following conference or community presentations were completed as posters, presentations, workshops, or symposia, and do not have an associated paper published. Presenter(s) are underlined; copies available upon request.

  1. Wiebe D, Turner J, Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Perceptions of Custom Wheelchair Seating Clinicians on Current Practices and New Technologies. 34th International Seating Symposium, Vancouver, Canada.
  2. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Using shared control to enable graded powered wheelchair training. American Occupational Therapy Association Annual Conference, Salt Lake City, USA.
  3. Matheson B, Tavares J, Mattie J, Denison I, Smith EM, Miller WC, Borisoff J. (2018). Evaluation of the Nino(R): Advancement in assistive poser mobility technology. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Annual Conference, Vancouver, Canada.
  4. Smith EM, Howich R, Kellett A, Miller WC. (2018). Frugal Innovations: Reliability of construction of a locally-sourced pressure relieving wheelchair cushion for low-resourced settings. World Federation of Occupational Therapists World Congress, Cape Town , South Africa.
  5. Smith EM, Miller WC. (2018). Assessing for Powered Mobility: Does the evidence support our practice? Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists’ Annual Conference, Vancouver, Canada.
  6. Saptono A, Smith EM, Schein R. (2017) Emerging & Innovative Technologies Show and Tell. RESNA Annual Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana. [Workshop]
  7. Rismani S, Smith EM, Van der Loos M, Miller WC. (2017) Enhancing Engineering Education through Collaboration Across Disciplines to Create Health and Assistive Technologies. Canadian Engineering Education Association Annual Conference, Toronto, Ontario. [Workshop]
  8. Smith EM, Kenyon LK, Farris J, Miller WC. (2017) Using shared control to enhance powered mobility training across the lifespan. RESNA Annual Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana. [Workshop]
  9. Smith EM, Rismani S, Miller WC, Van der Loos M. (2017). Enhancing Engineering and Health Professional Education through Collaboration to Create Assistive Technologies. RESNA Annual Conference, New Orleans, Louisiana. [Workshop]
  10. Miller WC, Smith EM, Best KB, Giesbrecht EM, Imam B. (2017) Crafting blueprints for disruptive rehabilitation innovations. International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa. [Symposium]
  11. Smith EM. (2017) Powered MObility Assessment and Training and Alternative Access to Mobile Devices. Community Therapists Continuing Education Day, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Invited Presentation]
  12. Smith E. (2017) Mobile Device Access and Integration for Wheelchair Users. Pre-Conference Course at the 33rd International Seating Symposium, Nashville, Tennessee. [8hr Course]
  13. Smith EM, Rismani S. (2016) Collaborating to Create AT: Cross-Cultural Dialogue. OT24-Hour Virtual Exchange. Online. [Presentation]
  14. Saptono A, Schein R, Smith E. (2016) Emerging and Innovative Technologies Show and Tell. RESNA Annual Conference, Washington, District of Columbia. [Workshop]
  15. Smith E, Roberts L, McColl MA, Miller WC. (2016) Wheelchair and Scooter Funding in Canada: A National Policy Evaluation. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Annual Conference, Banff, Alberta. [Presentation]
  16. Mahmood H, Fuller D, Smith EM, Miller WC. (2016) Comparing the JoyBar to standard power wheelchair control: A pilot study. Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists Annual Conference, Banff, Alberta. [Poster]
  17. Smith EM. (2016) Shared control: The future of powered mobility training? ACCESS Community Therapists Seating Team Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Invited Presentation]
  18. Smith EM, Miller W, Mortenson W, Mihailidis A. (2016) Clinical Utility and Therapists’ Perceptions of Shared Control for Powered Mobility Assessment and Training. 32nd International Seating Symposium, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Presentation]
  19. Smith EM. (2015) Addressing powered mobility driving in older adults: A shared control approach to error-minimized learning. Maynooth University, Maynooth, Ireland. [Invited Presentation]
  20. Smith EM, Miller, W, Martin-Ginis, K. (2015) Funding Wheeled Mobility in the Later Years: Where You Live Matters. Canadian Association on Gerontology Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta. [Poster]
  21. Smith EM, Mortenson WB, Miller WC. (2015) Powered mobility assessment and training: Successes and opportunities. GF Strong Rehabilitation Research Day, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Presentation]
  22. Smith EM. (2015) Shared Control – A New Approach to Powered Mobility Training. Rehabilitation Equipment Expo, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Invited Presentation]
  23. Miller W, Smith EM, Imam B, Giesbrecht E. (2015). Technology solutions to promote mobility in daily life for older adults with mobility limitations. International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics World Congress 2015, Lyon, France. [Symposium]
  24. Smith EM. (2015). Going mobile: Apps to enhance research and clinical productivity. Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2015 Conference, Denver, Colorado. [Workshop]
  25. Smith, EM. (2015). Switch access to iOS and other devices for wheelchair users. 31st International Seating Symposium, Nashville, Tennessee. [Workshop]
  26. Smith EM. (2014). How to tell your Grandmother about your research: The 3 minute thesis. Progress in Research Rounds, University of British Columbia, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Vancouver, British Columbia. [Presentation]
  27. Smith EM, Giesbrecht E, Miller W. (2014). A national and regional description of wheelchair use in Canada. Canadian Research Data Centre Network 2014 National Conference, Winnipeg, Manitoba. [Poster]
  28. Smith EM, Miller W. (2014). Demographics of older community dwelling Canadian wheelchair users. Canadian Association on Gerontology Annual Conference, Niagara, Ontario. [Poster]
  29. Smith EM. (2014). Interface design for a shared control, tele-operated power wheelchair. International Convention on Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology 2014, Singapore, Singapore. [Poster]

Reports

  1. Smith E, Miller WC, Harniss M, Adams K and the InNovATE Team. Report to Stakeholders (2019). Report from the 2019 InNovATE: Innovations in the Northwest to advance Assistive Technology Excellence Stakeholder Meetings. Vancouver, BC.
  2. Viswanathan P, Wang R, Sutcliffe A, Kenyon L, … Smith EM, Zambalde E, Zondervan D, Routhier F, Carlson T.Smart Wheelchairs in Assessment and Training (SWAT): State of the field (2018). Position paper from AGEWELL Network of Centres of Excellence, Canada’s Technology and Ageing Network
  3. McColl M, Roberts L, Smith EM, Miller W (2015). Policy Governing Support for Mobility Aids for People with Disabilities in Canada. Canadian Disability Policy Alliance.

Online Resources

  1. Smith, EM (2014). iOS7 Switch Control Guide. Jump Start Occupational Therapy.

Chapters

  1. Boucher N, Miller W, Smith EM. (2014). Housing and Attendant Care: Cornerstones of Community Reintegration after Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence. Monkey Hill Health Communications
  2. Escorpizo R, Miller W, Trenaman L, Smith EM. (2014). Work and Employment Following Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Evidence. Monkey Hill Health Communications

Interviews

  1. Ask an Expert: Is there a downside to using wearable tech to track my health? Interiew with Dr. Bill Miller for Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute (6-Sept-2019)
  2. Vancouverite to receive medal in Ottawa for her volunteer work: Profile in Vancouver is Awesome online magazine (13-Apr-2018)
  3. Reflections from Nepal: Q&A regarding recent work with Team Canada Healing Hands in Kathmandu, Nepal, UBC Faculty of Medicine Communications (26-Oct-2015)
  4. Occupational Therapist Profile: cOnnecT with an OT regarding volunteerism as Chair of Seating and AT Special Interest Group for CAOT-BC, Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists – British Columbia Blog (13-Feb-2014)

Videos

  1. Smith EM. CoPILOT: Collaborative Power Mobility Innovative Learning OpporTunity. Semi-Final Round, University of British Columbia 3 Minute Thesis Competition, Faculty of Medicine.